I store our Eagle libraries in a DropBox folder so both my desktop and laptop can access the same set of files. This will help reduce solder bridging between pins. We've got a great tutorial on the different layers of a PCB so be sure to read up if all this is new to you. First, let's find a schematic symbol we want to start our custom library with. You should see the new capacitor near the board. This is a handy tool for perusing the available footprints. We always want to improve our tutorials to make them easier. In the image below, you can see I've set the 'SFE_LOCAL' variable to a local path of 'C:\Users\nathan.seidle\Dropbox\Projects\SparkFun-Eagle-Libraries\'. There are two drill files for some reason. At SparkFun, we use the following structure: By using a git repo, SparkFun engineers and our users can contribute schematic components and footprints. These four files are all you need to share a KiCad design with a fellow collaborator. KiCAD Beginners Tutorial - 2020 KiCAD Beginners Tutorial. Close the CvPcb window and click 'Save and Exit'. Currently it's a variable called SFE_LOCAL. The default soldermask clearance is 0.1mm per side in Eagle. This is a decoupling cap so let's put it next to the 0.1uF cap that is already there. Of all the differences between EAGLE and KiCad it was the look within PCB layout that threw me off the most. Shout out to Joan_Sparky! There are hundreds if not thousands of PCB vendors out there. Select all the files shown and click Open. Now let's run the DRC to see if we're legal. We use OSHStencils for our proto stencils. It is the icon which is a horizontal IC with green legs. But wait, we are not done yet! Now set the active library to the library we want to copy the CP2104 into. What's going on? This is the last chance to catch any errors before paying real money. To make this faster, we recommend removing the libraries that are either deprecated or libraries that you will never use. The error message will show up in the window as an error indicating: "Via near track." From the schematic, click on the 'Generate netlist' button. Click on the Annotate schematic components button. You would do all the regular steps: During the netlist import the default settings are to 'Keep' exchange footprint and to 'Keep' extra footprints. We changed things, so we need to import the netlist! Before we continue let's go over the process for modifying or removing a component from a PCB layout. Press 'a' to add a device to the schematic. 3. Hey! This is sometimes required for advanced designs where thorough electrical isolation is needed. Such a low pass filter is distributed with KiCad in the folder "KiCad\share\kicad\demos\simulation\sallen_key". Once in default state put your mouse pointer on top of the 3.3V marker on the 0.1uF cap. Well done. Then hit enter or click 'OK'. Perhaps not. Open to the PCB editor either from the schematic or from the project window. It will fail and then search the relative path of "** ..\SparkFun-KiCad-Libraries**" and find the files. Let's poke around these libraries. Itâs used extensively by both hobbyists and professionals. Now when you click 'Save footprint in local library' or press 'ctrl+s' KiCad will prompt you with a Save Footprint window with Name (annoyingly every time). This is useful when you need to view a certain layer. Click on the Place wire icon which is the forward-slash green icon on the right vertical bar of icons of the main window. Use the community where you can but be very rigorous about checking them for correctness. Navigate to back to schematic and click on the 'Run CvPcb' button to associate components and footprints: If this is the first time you've run CvPcb you'll get this warning: Depending on how many libraries you have installed, this may take up to 30 seconds. Left to our own devices we will all create things a little differently; the KLC tries to get us all on the same page and SparkFun follows it. In general, SparkFun designs boards with: We go smaller than this on many designs but if you're designing your first PCB, do not design it with 4mil traces and 8mil vias. Download the SparkFun Eagle Libraries from GitHub. Quickstart Intro to Kicad - Design a board in 5 ... - YouTube We will need the SparkFun_SchematicComponents.lib file. Click on 'Close' in the 'Drill Files Generation' window. Now move the file to where KiCad expects it. You guessed it, press 'w' but here's the catch: have your mouse pointer over one of the bubbles before you press 'w'. We're becoming very familiar with the default KiCad libraries and using their footprints wherever it makes sense. ** *.pro** - Main project file to keep track of the file structure. The ZOPT2201 UV sensor designed originally in SparkX is a great I2C UV Index sensor and will serve as our starting example for this tutorial. Notice the title bar in the Footprint Editor still states the active library is LEDs and is read only. 4. Your mouse wheel does what you expect: Zoom In/Out and Pan by Clicking. As already seen in chapt.5, KiCad symbols and Spice model files do not fit, if multi-part devices are designed in. A main navigation window will display where you will be able to open all the periphery programs like schematic capture and PCB layout. If I get you to do nothing else, I will get you to learn the keyboard shortcuts! So as you migrate to KiCad remember to take breaks and breathe (and say 'Key-CAD' in your head). For more information about using schematic component libraries across multiple computers, check the next subsection about the "user defined search path." This is basically asking you to pick which one you want to operate on. He is the best! Since then EAGLE has become a second language to me and I've forgotten all the hard bits. You can also hit enter twice. You will see the following in figure 1.13D below: Fig. KiCad Resistor Footprint Format 1. This will open the component window. We need to change the grid. We added a component to the schematic, we modified the PCB layout, and we checked for errors. Hit the 'Esc' button on your keyboard to return to normal pointer mode. Everything aligned the way I want it? 1.13D: KiCad Electrical Spacing 4. Oh KiCad! In our example, we want to set silabs as the active library. KiCad will ask you where you want to save the netlist as a ** *.net** file with the default location being the project folder. Yep, it's built right in. This table is also available in KiCad itself. Bueno, la primera contribuciÃ³n que me gustarÃa hacer a este excelente foro es un tutorial que realice con ayuda de compaÃ±eros sobre le uso de KiCad en su versiÃ³n estable mas reciente, la 4.0.1, el tutorial abarca desde los temas mas simples aumentando la complejidad, abarcando casi todas las caracterÃsticas que dispone KiCad. If you left-click on a pin of a symbol the will starts a wire. This tutorial will teach you how to run a circuit simulation in KiCad. I called my lib file 'CustomComponents.lib' so that I know these are mine. You could use the Footprint Libraries Manager located in the footprint editor but adding or removing many libraries becomes tedious; it's easier to edit the table file directly. Here are the keyboard shortcuts in KiCad's Eeschema that we will be using frequently in this tutorial: This breakout board needs a larger 4.7uF decoupling cap (because I say so). Click on PCB Calculator and the on the Electrical Spacing tab. You may also want to 'Delete' unconnected tracks to clean up any left over tracks from the component you removed. In the image below, KiCad is trying to route this trace in an odd way. You may get the warning. Congratulations! You should see a long list of libraries including the new SparkFun libraries. It should look similar to: 'C:\Users\Nathan\AppData\Roaming\kicad\fp-lib-table' . Left click to place the capacitor. Let's try removing the component that we just added in our custom library CustomComponents.lib. (No relation). Start by hovering over the new cap and press 'm' for move. 5. Click on the ladybug with the green check mark on it to open the Design Rule Check (DRC) window. Click 'Plot' to generate the gerber files for the layers and then click 'Close'. The KiCad project window looks quite empty and sad. This is KiCad's way of telling you it's going to create the default table of libraries that link to KiCad's extensive GitHub repos. In general, you should set your DRC rules and stick to them. It's actually a good thing: the SDA trace is too close (overlapping actually) to the GND pad on the 0.1uF cap. Once the file is in place, re-open KiCad, open the PCB footprint editor, and finally the Footprint Libraries Manager. Top Copper (F.Cu)+ Soldermask (F.Mask) + Silkscreen (F.SilkS), Bottom Copper (B.Cu) + Soldermask (B.Mask) + Silkscreen (B.SilkS). Create a new project: âFileâ -> âNewâ 4. Click on 'Save current component to new library' button. Here as an example we want to set up a bandpass filter that adds two Sallen-Key filters. In general, there are 8x layers you need to have a PCB fabricated: In the Plot window with the Plot format set for Gerber, be sure these Layers are checked: Additionally, click on 'Generate Drill File' button. Does the top silkscreen look good? This process is similar to how we started a custom footprint library. Click 'OK' and then 'Yes' to delete the component from the library. Yes, you can click on the equivalent buttons. Now at this point, we can add new symbols from scratch to our library and we can also copy from one library to another. You may have had your first critical-judgment-eye-squint. Thatâs what weâll use in this tutorial. If things go really wrong, you can always delete the 'fp-lib-table' file and restart KiCad. Where is it? Time to edit the PCB. Do the same for the ground marker. The footprint libraries table file (on Windows 10) is located in the AppData folder similar to: 'C:\Users\Nathan\AppData\Roaming\kicad\fp-lib-table'. In this case, we want to add the 'Files on my computer'. KiCad can't read your Eagle schematic components but we have a solution for that in a later section. I recommend you store this *.lib file in the same 'C:\KiCadLibs\' directory we stored the footprint library within. Weird. When opening CvPcb to assign footprints to the schematic components, it can take a very long time to load. You should notice two things: In the image below, we can see the SMD Qwiic connector within Eagle. However, one of our customers has graciously provided various workarounds for v5 that may be of interest to others who are pursuing the same route. At the same time, we're continuing to leverage all our custom Eagle footprints that we've been using and creating for over a decade. Most fab houses will use 0.1mm as their default as well. 2. 'C:\KiCadLibs\LEDs.pretty'. KiCad tutorial: generating Gerber and Drill files" by Qi Hardware KiCadHowTo wiki : Tutorials and help with using KiCad Transtronics wiki: Kicad : a tutorial for â¦ Hit escape to stop routing (let the polygon take care of it). Congrats! If you ever delete something wrong press 'ctrl+z'. Otherwise, let's start editing the schematic! Select the device labeled as C_Small from the device library. I want the gerber review to be jarring and different from my layout practices so that I'm more likely to catch issues. KiCad is missing the link to the devices within this schematic. Then hit enter or click 'OK'. The 'fp-lib-table' tells KiCad where to find all the various libraries and what types of libraries they are (KiCad, github, EAGLE, etc). If you're unfamiliar with stenciling solder paste we have a fabulous tutorial. Use this version to follow along.). SparkFun is taking a blended approach. Reviewing the gerber layers often shows you potential errors or problems before you send them off to fab. In addition to your gerbers, you'll need to specify via email or the PCB vendor's website various elements of the PCB: If you had a look at the soldermask on this PCB and wondered why it looked odd, you're not alone. Enter the name of the project in âFile Nameâ, in this tutorial we will call it âtute1â. You've made it through design rule checking! Are pin 1 indicators clear? We're going to assume you've already been through the previous sections of this tutorial; you should have KiCad downloaded and installed. Then double click the Capacitors_SMD:C_0603 in the right column. Many designers live and die by these values, so use as needed. Re-open the Preferences -> Footprint Libraries Manager. KiCAD is a free open source Electronic design software or electronic CAD software. This will cause it to create the footprint table with the KiCad defaults. KiCad's solder mask clearance has a default of 0.2mm per side. Let's get started! 4. That was a big tutorial and you made it through. Then press 'b' to update the polygons. Press 'c' to copy that device and place it above the new capacitor. Let's open an example! Double click on the schematic file with Kicad's Eeschema schematic editor. This *.gtp file is sent to a stencil fabricator to create the stainless steel or mylar solder paste stencil. As mentioned in the tutorial it is specific to Windows, but KiCad seems to offer tutorials on their website that may help Mac users. I find myself hitting escape twice a lot just to be sure I'm back in default state. You can use the defaults here as well. It's a problem that needs to be fixed, but the error won't kill the board. KiCad Tutorial. Use 'ctrl+z' liberally to undo any mistakes. In the 16-30V row and A6 column it is given as 0.25 mm, or 250 um or 9.843 mils. It is a great tool to use in PCB design. The top paste layer is not needed to fabricate a PCB. This is a tremendous list of libraries! Much better. Now reducing the DRC clearances in order to get your board to pass DRC is not an ideal solution. Double click on this footprint to open it up in the editor. Did something go wrong? Download and store it in a local directory: From the KiCad window, click the top 'Add' button. used for the drill holes top of the board for mounting holes) was imported from the SparkFun Eagle library and KiCad seems to think it is a non-plated hole for some reason. Press ctrl+s to save your work. When generating the drill file for this design two files where generated: Non-plated through holes are holes on your PCB that do not have copper covering the vertical walls of the hole. Next to the 'Component library files,' click 'Add'. Shop around! Note the title bar of the editor window has changed. In the KiCad version, the mask apertures look too big. Aren't we here to add a 4.7uF cap to the board? Now, we need to deal with the two drill files. Export the netlist by clicking the generate netlist button. Thanks for reading and if you have any comments or questions please ask them in the comments section. Hover over the bits of traces that you want to remove and press 'Delete'. If you're like me and have schematic libraries shared across multiple computers, adding a "User defined search path" is helpful: In the image , I have "..\..\SparkFun-KiCad-Libraries" defined. Gerber files are the 'artwork' or the layers that the PCB fabrication house will use to construct the board. To remove a component, be sure you've set your custom library as the active one. As you progress through your layout, I recommend focusing on the 'Unconnected' count at the bottom of the screen (circled in pink). From within EeSchema, click on Preferences -> Component Libraries. The active library is now LEDs and it is read only. This is not really needed because the polygon pour connects the two pads but it does illustrate how good the 'magnetic' routing assistance is in KiCad. It's often difficult to tell if ** *.cmp ** is a gerber file or something else. You'll be prompted for which component you want to remove. Although KiCad (pronounced âKai-Cadâ like the head of the Bajoran clergy, not âKey-Cadâ like the thing that goes in a lock)is the new hotness when it comes to PCB design. However, it is rare. It allows me to share libs between computers and between GitHub repos without having to reassign the libraries every time I open the project on a different computer. Click on 'Load footprint from library' button and then 'Select by Browser'. Open the DRC rules from the Design Rules menu. 1pm to 5pm U.S. Mountain Time: If you're like me and you've decided to take the plunge from EAGLE PCB to KiCad it can be really jarring. Why?! KiCad will create the new 'LEDs.pretty' directory with a file 'C:\KiCadLibs\LEDs.pretty\LED_CREE-XHP50_12V.kicad_mod'. You'll want to overwrite the file that is there. Close the Library Manager window, click on Preferences -> Configuration Paths. Take a moment and return to the PCB layout window to edit the make these corrections. I prefer the following layer colors: Pressing '+' and '-' will switch between top and bottom copper layers. Obviously KiCad wants to control their libraries; not just anyone can save to their repos. Click on the 'Plot' button next to the printer icon in the top bar to open the 'Plot' window. 1. The bottom silkscreen is missing the GND indicator. And those errors can be hard to identify. Download the 'combined fp-lib-table' to a local folder. In this quickstart introduction to kicad i will show you all the steps needed to design a simple board in kicad in just 5 minutes. To correct this go back to the PCB layout, click on the Plotter, click 'Generate Drill File' and select the box that says 'Merge PTH and NPTH holes into one file'. This is the local relative path to a Dropbox folder. Click on the 'Read netlist' button and you should see this window: Click 'Read Current Netlist' and 'YES' to confirm. Here are some things I look for: Now turn everything off and repeat for the bottom layers. v5 Workaround: Users attempting to use more up-to-date versions of KiCad will inevitably run into issues following this tutorial, step-by-step. If we decrease this to 7mil (0.1778mm), click 'OK', and re-run the DRC... DRC errors resolved! We have an active local library. KiCad is a full feature electronics development application for the design and manufacture of electronics that runs natively on Windows, OSX, and Linux. Order your boards! Be aware that the worksheet was written for KiCad 5.1.0. We'll also touch on library linking, editing, and creation. More on the PTH vs. NPTH check box in a minute. KiCAD has a rightfully earned image problem regarding beginners. ... We are a YouTube channel who share DIY tutorials, projects, hacks on electronics. On the right is any footprint that may work with the highlighted component in the middle. Saturn PCB Design, PCB Toolkit V7.8 1. SparkFun has used this footprint for years and is comfortable with the design so let's change the Netclass clearance constraint. 2. This will make the review less cluttered. In the future, you may want to revisit this if you use KiCad across multiple computers. Let's compare the PCB's soldermask for KiCad (as shown in green) and Eagle (as shown in pink). KiCad may throw an error because the 'LEDs' nickname is used twice. It's not perfect but Lachlan has done a tremendous amount of groundwork. Again, click on the 'Select working library' button but this time either scroll to your custom list or type 'Custom' to find the 'CustomComponents' library. Click on 'OK' to close out the Component Libraries manager. We are all set. To get these we'll need to place vias down to the bottom layer. And we're off to the races. Remember how to do that? Ya, me either. Make sense? For now just click 'Drill File' or press enter to generate the drill file. I renamed mine to 'LEDs-Custom' then click on 'OK' to close out the Footprint Libraries Manager. The 'STAND-OFF' footprint (i.e. Now we are confident and ready to have our boards made! Here is an example footprint in LEDs library. Single click on the pad that has the gray air-wire and drag it to the pad that it needs to connect to. This file contains all the schematic components. Press enter and your modifications will be saved. Congrats! meekthegeek / about 2 years ago / 1 / I have the same "my current version of Kicad 5.05 is different from version 4.0" problem that the others are having preventing me from loading the EESCHEMA libraries. 3. Now press 'm' over the 0.1uF cap in the way by moving it to the left. Finally, press 'Page Up' to return to the top layer view. If your pointer is over multiple items (as shown in the image below with the cursor over both the trace and capacitor), KiCad will pop up a menu to clarify your selection. After you place the capacitor, you'll notice you're still in placement mode. The problem that we are running into is the Default Clearance is 7.9mil (0.2mm). Start by setting the active library to the one that contains the part you want to copy by clicking on the 'Select working library' button. You will then need to re-export your gerbers and load them back into GerbView. Press 'n' to go to the next grid size. Before we start editing the PCB, here are the keyboard shortcuts in KiCad's Pcbnew that we will be using frequently in this tutorial: We've got our schematic, now let's get the new 4.7uF cap placed on the board. This will open the list of all the footprint libraries now accessible to you. Let's pull in the 'R_PHOTO' schematic component from the device library and use it to start our new custom schematic component library. Then select and lock the Footprint Preview Window to the right. If you really get stuck please use the comments section on the right. Do any traces have weird routing that could be improved? In this KiCad tutorial, we have learned what KiCad is, and the various steps of using KiCad, like KiCad download, KiCad install, KiCad configuration, setting up a project, setting up schematic component libraries, editing a PCB layout, running a design rule check, and exporting gerbers. Return to the main KiCad project window and open up GerbView by clicking on the button. Start by pressing 'x' and clicking on the start of the capacitor's air wire for GND again. Press enter again to run the DRC with the default settings. You'll be dreaming in KiCad in no time! kicad_wks PCBCalculator Calculatorforcomponents,track width,electricalspacing,color codes,andmoreâ¦ None PlEditor Pagelayouteditor *.kicad_wks Note Let's take a moment to talk trace width, trace spacing, and vias. Capacitor with correct value and designator! Type LED and select the LEDs-Custom library. Kicad is a free open-source PCB (printed circuit board) software. When located, click 'OK'. If you're needing a generic 2x5 pin male header, check the KiCad libraries. A KiCad Quick-Start Tutorial by Windsor Schmidt (~20 mins) Video series by Ashley Mills, complete with building from source and designing a board (12 parts ~5 hours) Videos by Chris Gammell at Contextual Electronics (7 parts ~2.5 hours) Fast screencasts without audio by â¦ Start by clicking on the 'Selecting working library' (i.e. Open the Footprint Editor. We will make this better later in the tutorial but for now, be patient. Conclusion on KiCad Tutorial 2020 for Beginners . Before we can set our new footprint directory as active, we need to make KiCad aware of it. Click on Preferences -> Component Libraries to view the current set of libraries. However, if you're using a more eclectic part, you may be better off creating the footprint from scratch. Under the View menu you will find three other views: Default, OpenGL, and Cairo. You've fixed those "Via near track" issues. You've been staring at your design for hours and it's hard for your brain to see issues. You shouldn't need to go that small on your first board. ** ctrl+z** - Undo. Aw shucks! Feel free to dig around but to quickly find what we need type 'cap' into the field Filter:. This will have created a 'fp-lib-table' file that we will be editing shortly. Lucky for us, we are just scratching the surface so we don't need to fiddle with any of these options. So that one gets the toss. What to do? book) icon located in the upper left corner. We know and trust these footprints. These component library paths are specific to this project and *.pro file. In KiCad's Pcbnew, open the ZOPT220x Breakout and click on Dimensions -> Pads Mask Clearance. The shiny new version 5 has improved things (and weâre very excited for v6!) Place it on the schematic next to the 0.1uF cap. Now close and re-open the schematic to refresh. If you have not already, click on 'Select working library' to set the active library to CustomComponents. Check out SparkFun's Enginursday and project blog posts about KiCad. Your donation helps to build the KiCad community and ensures future feature development, supports bug fixes, community engagement and the growth of KiCad as the premier Open Source EDA solution. The gerbers are the universal way to communicate with a PCB vendor. While this tutorial is aimed at beginners I am going to use terms such as 'schematic components' and 'polygon pours'. Once you've learned to create your own schematic parts and custom footprints, you become unlimited by what technologies you can play with. KiCad is getting quite a few updates and a lot of the tutorials are outdated, so I found you have to look at the official documentation to check the newest way â¦ Pad 1 doesn't line up with the other pads. We need to assign this to something. During the workshop, we found that individuals with KiCad 5.0.x lacked the footprint for the switch, which was apparently added in the default KiCad library during the 5.1.0 update. We want the pads on the solder jumper to be close enough to be easily jumpered with solder so increasing the distance between the pads on the footprint would be counterproductive. Select the 'KiCadLibs' folder that was created and then type '\LEDs'. Check out the comments section for more info. The schematic component libraries are assigned using KiCad's Component Library Manager. 6. KiCad is trying to tell us the pads on this solder jumper are too close together. Let's get them linked! The last step is to tell KiCad the local path to the SparkFun libraries. KiCad inherently reads Eagle footprints! Don't fear! This tutorial will walk you through a KiCad example project from schematic capture to PCB layout. There's nothing worse than troubleshooting a faulty product and asking yourself: "I've tried every rework and soldering trick in the book, is it the PCB that's bad?". Contextual Electronics: KiCad YouTube Video Series; Lachlan's Eagle to KiCad Converter GitHub Repo - Eagle schematic/library to KiCad schematic/library ULP conversion script. Electrical Spacing tab SparkFun-KiCad-Libraries github repo, not on how to create your own schematic symbols in later. Able to then edit the footprint preview window to the SparkFun-KiCad-Libraries github repo finally footprint! Start of the editor the Text field by typing 4.7uF operate on by Browser ' via 's covered soldermask! The deprecated libraries brings the default KiCad libraries and using their footprints wherever it sense. In new library ' now kicad tutorial youtube the library operate on * - Defines which go... Recommend you store this *.gtp * * '' and find the symbols for this schematic, click '... 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